Email this page Although she was an African slave, Phillis Wheatley was one of the best-known poets in preth century America. Her name was a household word among literate colonists and her achievements a catalyst for the fledgling antislavery movement. But it was the Whitefield elegy that brought Wheatley national renown. Wheatley, ran advertisements for subscribers in Boston newspapers in February
See Article History Phillis Wheatley, born c. The young girl who was to become Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and taken to Boston on a slave ship in and purchased by a tailor, John Wheatleyas a personal servant for his wife, Susanna. She was treated kindly in the Wheatley household, almost as a third child.
The Wheatleys soon recognized her talents and gave her privileges unusual for a slave, allowing her to learn to read and write. In less than two years, under the tutelage of Susanna and her daughter, Phillis had mastered English; she went on to learn Greek and Latin and caused a stir among Boston scholars by translating a tale from Ovid.
Beginning in her early teens she wrote exceptionally mature, if conventional, verse that was stylistically influenced by Neoclassical poets such as Alexander Pope and was largely concerned with moralitypiety, and freedom. A number of her other poems celebrate the nascent United States of Americawhose struggle for independence was sometimes employed as a metaphor for spiritual or, more subtly, racial freedom.
Her first book, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moralwhere many of her poems first saw print, was published there the same year. She returned to Boston in September because of the illness of her mistress. At the desire of friends she had made in England, she was soon freed.
Wheatley died shortly thereafter.
In she married John Peters, a free black man who eventually abandoned her. Though she continued writing, fewer than five new poems were published after her marriage.
At the end of her life Wheatley was working as a servant, and she died in poverty. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Famous black and African-American figures from the past and present.
Crispus Attucks was an African-American man killed during the Boston Massacre and thus believed to be the first casualty of the American Revolution. Jul 25, · Watch video · Phillis Wheatley was an African American poet and slave. She wrote Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, making her the first African American and first slave to publish a volume of poetry. Learn more at ashio-midori.com: Dec 05, African-American literature is the body of literature produced in the United States by writers of African descent. It begins with the works of such late 18th-century writers as Phillis ashio-midori.com the high point of slave narratives, African-American literature was dominated by .
Here are biographies for some of the many historical and modern people celebrated during Black History Month. Phillis Wheatley was the first African American, the first slave, and the third woman in the United States to publish a book of poems.
Kidnapped in West Africa and transported aboard the slave. Phillis Wheatley's biography and life ashio-midori.coms Wheatley was the first published African American poet and first African-American woman whose writings helped create the genre of African American literature.
Bor. Phillis Wheatley was the first published African-American female poet.
She was born in the middle of the eighteenth century, possibly in areas in or around Senegal. Captured around the age of seven, she was sold to a distinguished Place Of Birth: West Africa. Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as a slave, became a published poet at the age of Read about her life and accomplishments.
The electronic edition is a part of the UNC-CH digitization project, Documenting the American South. The text has been encoded using the recommendations for Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines.