The Oregon Trail pioneered by the Astorians in eventually opened up a new way of life for a great many Americans. The first non-missionary family to farm in Oregon Country traveled the Oregon Trail in
Lewis and Clark initially believed they had found a practical overland route to the west coast; however, the two passes they found going through the Rocky MountainsLemhi Pass and Lolo Passturned out to be much too difficult for prairie schooner wagons to pass through without considerable road work.
This was ultimately a shorter and faster route than the one they followed west.
This route had the disadvantages of being much too rough for wagons and controlled by the Blackfoot Indians. Even though Lewis and Clark had only traveled a narrow portion of the upper Missouri River drainage and part of the Columbia River drainage, these were considered the two major rivers draining most of the Rocky Mountains, and the expedition confirmed that there was no "easy" route through the northern Rocky Mountains as Jefferson had hoped.
Nonetheless, this famous expedition had mapped both the eastern and western river valleys Platte and Snake Rivers that bookend the route of the Oregon Trail and other emigrant trails across the continental divide—they just had not located the South Pass or some of the interconnecting valleys later used in the high country.
They did show the way for the mountain menwho within a decade would find a better way across, even if it was not to be an easy way.
Pacific Fur Company[ edit ] Main article: Two movements of PFC employees were planned by Astor, one detachment to be sent to the Columbia River by the Tonquin and the other overland under an expedition led by Wilson Price Hunt.
Hunt and his party were to find possible supply routes and trapping territories for further fur trading posts. Upon arriving at the river in Marchthe Tonquin crew began construction of what became Fort Astoria. The ship left supplies and men to continue work on the station and ventured north up the coast to Clayoquot Sound for a trading expedition.
While anchored there, Jonathan Thorn insulted an elder Tla-o-qui-aht who was previously elected by the natives to negotiate a mutually satisfactory price for animal pelts.
Soon after, the vessel was attacked and overwhelmed by the indigenous Clayoquot killing most of the crew except its Quinault interpreter, who later told the PFC management at Fort Astoria of the destruction.
The next day, the ship was blown up by surviving crew members. They abandoned their horses at the Snake River, made dugout canoes, and attempted to use the river for transport.
After a few days' travel they soon discovered that steep canyons, waterfalls and impassable rapids made travel by river impossible. Too far from their horses to retrieve them, they had to cache most of their goods and walk the rest of the way to the Columbia River where they made new boats and traveled to the newly established Fort Astoria.
The expedition demonstrated that much of the route along the Snake River plain and across to the Columbia was passable by pack train or with minimal improvements, even wagons.
The group planned to retrace the path followed by the overland expedition back up to the east following the Columbia and Snake rivers.
Fear of an Indian attack near Union Pass in Wyoming forced the group further south where they discovered South Pass, a wide and easy pass over the Continental Divide.
Louis in the spring of The route they had used appeared to potentially be a practical wagon route, requiring minimal improvements, and Stuart's journals provided a meticulous account of most of the route.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message The first Fort Laramie as it looked prior to He had just completed a journey through much of western Canada and most of the Columbia River drainage system.
He was mapping the country for possible fur trading posts. Along the way he camped at the confluence of the Columbia and Snake rivers and posted a notice claiming the land for Britain and stating the intention of the North West Company to build a fort on the site Fort Nez Perces was later established there.
Astor, concerned the British navy would seize their forts and supplies in the War ofsold to the North West Company in their forts, supplies and furs on the Columbia and Snake River. The North West Company started establishing more forts and trading posts of its own.
The HBC had nearly a complete monopoly on trading and most governing issues in the Columbia District, or Oregon Country as it was referred to by the Americans, and also in Rupert's Land. That year the British parliament passed a statute applying the laws of Upper Canada to the district and giving the HBC power to enforce those laws.Renamed the Oregon Trail in the s, the route spanned some 2, miles from jumping-off towns such as St.
Joseph and Independence, Missouri, to the Willamette Valley in Oregon, following the great river valleys of the West through five present-day states—Kansas, Nebraska, /5(24). Some became farmers, others led pioneer wagons trains--that were just now beginning to stream west.
The era of the mountain man had passed and the age of the pioneer was beginning. Fremont. Explorer John Fremont became one of America's biggest heroes because of his journeys west along the Oregon Trail in and A pair of antique paperbacked pamphlets on the Lady Franklin Bay Expedition and the personal experience of Ezra Meeker on the Oregon Trail.
Includes a . End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive & Visitor Information Center Washington Street, Oregon City, OR | () yet his expedition to Oregon and its disastrous end is not commonly known to Oregonians.
Black children were permitted to stay in the Oregon Country until they reached age . The Oregon Trail is a 2,mile (3, km) historic East–West, large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail in the United States that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon.
The eastern part of the Oregon Trail spanned part of the future state of Kansas, and nearly all of what are now the states of Nebraska and Wyoming. Using diaries, journals, company and expedition reports, and newspaper accounts, David Dary takes us inside the experience of the continuing waves of people who traveled the Oregon Trail or took its cutoffs to Utah, Nevada, Montana, Idaho, and California/5(12).