Introduction Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions.
Introduction Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings.
Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions. Consequently, over the last 40 years, through the application of a variety of methodological approaches, case study research has undergone substantial development.
Central to these variations is the underpinning ontological and epistemological orientations of those involved in the evolution of case study research. Researchers who have contributed to the development of case study research come from diverse disciplines and their philosophical underpinnings have created variety and diversity in approaches used.
Consequently, various designs have been proposed for preparing, planning, and conducting case study research with advice on key considerations for achieving success.
As a result, while case study research has evolved to be a pragmatic, flexible research approach, the variation in definition, application, validity, and purposefulness can create a confusing platform for its use.
We begin with an overview of the history and evolution of case study research, followed by a discussion of the methodological and philosophical variations found within case study designs. We Building theories from case study research doi with a summary of the common characteristics of case study research and a table that brings together the fundamental elements that we found common in all case study approaches to research.
Such investigations were conducted in the natural setting of those experiences with results presented descriptively or as a narrative MERRIAM, As a result, surveys, experiments, and statistical methods anchored in quantitative approaches were favored and considered more rigorous than qualitative designs JOHANSSON, The dominance of research using experimental designs continued through the s and s with quantitative empirical results considered to be gold standard evidence.
Case studies continued to be used during this time, however usually as a method within quantitative studies or referred to as descriptive research to study a specific phenomenon MERRIAM, This context led to a philosophical division in research approaches: Here, anthropologists practiced their methods on university cultures or by conducting lengthy case studies involving field-based observations of groups with the aim of understanding their social and cultural lives CRESWELL et al.
According to JOHANSSONRobert YIN followed this progress, and drawing on scientific approaches to research gained from his background in the social sciences, applied experimental logic to naturalistic inquiry, and blended this with qualitative methods, further bridging the methodological gap and strengthening the methodological quality of case study research.
He presented a structured process for undertaking case study research where formal propositions or theories guide the research process and are tested as part of the outcome, highlighting his realist approach to qualitative case study research.
While still qualitative and inductive, it was deterministic in nature with an emphasis on cause and effect, testing theories, and an apprehension of the truth BROWN, ; YIN, The integration of formal, statistical, and narrative methods in a single study, combined with the use of empirical methods for case selection and causal inference, demonstrated the versatility of case study design and made a significant contribution to its methodological evolution ibid.
The continued use of case study to understand the complexities of institutions, practices, processes, and relations in politics, has demonstrated the utility of case study for researching complex issues, and testing causal mechanisms that can be applied across varied disciplines.
|Trending on Altmetric||Introduction One of the major claims made regarding qualitative methods is that they diverge from scientific explanation models in terms of the need for hypothesis testing.|
|SAGE Reference - Causal Case Study: Explanatory Theories||Overview[ edit ] In the scientific methodan experiment is an empirical procedure that arbitrates competing models or hypotheses. However, an experiment may also aim to answer a "what-if" question, without a specific expectation about what the experiment reveals, or to confirm prior results.|
|Building Theories from Case Study Research||The framers, writing at the end of WWII, wanted to discourage military coercion, even at the cost of increasing diplomatic and economic coercion. Sixty years ago, a telegraph message was simply a means of communication, benign and unassuming.|
Development of case study research in education, focused on the need to determine the impact of educational programs and provide relevant evidence for policy and practice decisions that supported social and educational change in the United Kingdom and the United States ibid.
STAKEan educational psychologist with an interest in developing program evaluation methods, used a constructivist orientation to case study.
This resulted in placing more emphasis on inductive exploration, discovery, and holistic analysis that was presented in thick descriptions of the case.Although existing discussions of case research has focused on theory building (Eisenhardt, a, Eisenhardt and Graebner, , Yin, ), as Doz () argues, theory testing is a potential contribution of qualitative methods, which include case studies.
For example, in a historical study aimed at clarifying the concept of theoretical sensitivity and its role in the categorization and theory-building process, GLASER () proposes a distinction between two types of codes: substantive codes, developed during the open coding stage; and theoretical codes, which refer to the formal categories of.
In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions.. Case studies can be produced by following a formal research method. These case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences.
Flyvbjerg, Five Misunderstandings About Case-study research, 3 the preliminary stages of an investigation’ to generate hypotheses, but it is misleading to see the case. title = "Supplier-supplier relationships in the buyer-supplier triad: Building theories from eight case studies", abstract = "Many researchers have studied how the buying company manages its relationship with suppliers (i.e.
buyer-supplier relationship). DEBATE DEBATE. Use of research results in policy decision-making, formulation, and implementation: a review of the literature.
La utilización de los resultados de la investigación en el proceso de decisión, formulación y implementación de políticas: una revisión de la literatura.