A Personal Magic Kingdom Wish List One of the troubles with writing a blog like this is that although the posts that I push out onto it stay there to be read in the future, one can't go back even a few years without immediately starting to find ideas and assumptions that I wouldn't make today. Passport to Dreams has been a terrific forum for me to clarify thoughts and reach conclusions about things, but the whole trouble is that the more you know, the more you're positive that you don't know, and I think anything written before around or these days is a little suspect. For example, talking to others and doing my own research into the Walt Disney World of the past has permanently undermined my faith in personal nostalgia.
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This is not just a matter of tedious bureaucratic record-keeping: In the early 20th-century Age of Empire, when European colonies stretched across the world, psychoanalysis was the novel technique of the moment.
In an attempt to better understand their colonial subjects in those years, officials in the British empire undertook a curious and little-known research project: The results were not what they expected.
Take, for example, the dream of Lhuzekhu, a man from the Naga Hills of Northeastern India who worked as an interpreter for the colonial administration. I went alone down to the school.
An elephant with no one on its back came up from the bazaar. I felt it was yours. I was frightened it might hurt me and threw a stone at it … Then I found myself in my house with my family … We all sat round the fire.
There was a sudden gale of wind. I held the post fearing my house would be blown over.
I looked at all my posts and especially at the carved one in front of the door, and said: Seligman was a longtime adviser to colonial governments, which funded his research and helped to train colonial officials at the LSE.
Seligman made his career as a physical anthropologist at the height of racialist science. That meant defining human groups on the basis of physiognomy and locating them Dreams wishes essays writing children evolutionary hierarchies. Seligman was, in short, an imperialist and a classifier par excellence.
Building a database of colonial dreams was a quixotic, even utopian, project. Seligman, a Sigmund Freud enthusiast, wanted to see what sort of information the powerful new tool of psychoanalysis could generate when confronted with the diverse cultures under British rule. He also felt constrained by older techniques in psychology, such as measurements of reaction time to visual stimuli, which were long seen as the only kind of mental experience researchers could reliably capture.
Seligman came to believe that these methods brought mere technical precision without the depth or complexity of inner life. Dream research would show whether Freudianism could travel across cultural boundaries and return with richer, more textured portraits of the mind.
Like any good Freudian, Seligman knew that the meaning of dreams could be elicited only through the act of interpretation; simply recording the twists and turns of the narrative was not enough.
So he instructed his dream-collecting agents — an assortment of colonial officials and anthropologists stationed across the world — to question their informants about the reactions and associations that arose as they described their dreams.
Perhaps, then, Seligman could file this case in a growing pile of evidence for the universal validity of Freudian theory? The logic of wish-fulfilment appeared again and again in dreams from across the world: On the other hand, a good deal of evidence pointed in the opposite direction.
Informants on at least three continents reported that the stages of sexual development that Freud made famous — oral, anal, genital — were nowhere to be found; children did not pass through a latency period, for instance, or a phase of fascination with excretory functions.
Sexual mores were so much less restrictive than in the West, they reported, that unconscious minds there were much less intent on subverting them. To establish a kind of control group for his cross-cultural analysis, Seligman used a BBC radio broadcast in to solicit dreams and auto-interpretations from ordinary people in Britain.
He found that both the symbols in dreams and their associated emotional states were almost universally shared. As he put it in Several correspondents disclosed an interest in spiritualism, telepathy, astrology; several more related prophetic dreams — dreams that they insisted had foretold the future in their own lives.
When Seligman tried to offer rational explanations for their premonitions, they refused to accept them. One woman angrily wondered why anyone would disclose her dream to a stranger if not to receive a prophecy in return. When he tried to establish universalities, exceptions and contradictions proliferated.
And when he tried to draw sharp distinctions between the minds of Britons on the one hand, and colonial subjects on the other, commonalities asserted themselves. Even in a situation where researchers held all the power — with the authority of the imperial state behind them, and an elaborate theoretical structure setting the terms of the encounter — their subjects did not always follow the script.
Which brings us back to Lhuzekhu. As Seligman began to wonder about the universality of Freudianism, he noticed that the Oedipus complex took a particular form in the dreams of his colonial subjects:Dream interpretation is the process of assigning meaning to ashio-midori.com many ancient societies, such as those of Egypt and Greece, dreaming was considered a supernatural communication or a means of divine intervention, whose message could be interpreted by people with these associated spiritual powers..
In modern times, various schools of psychology and neurobiology have offered theories . EXAMPLES OF THEMES. Before you look at the examples of themes below it will help you to learn more about what theme is and how it affects our writing and our stories. Susan Cooper, Dreams and Wishes: Essays on Writing for Children (McElderry Books, ) You back already?
I thought you were still rummaging 'bout our book sale. Ah, you found the pile of ARCs and duplicates we sell off every year to be benefit the Jack Frost and the Hooded Crow Fund for the Less Fortunate. Introduction Though perhaps best known throughout the world for his science fiction, Isaac Asimov was also regarded as one of the great explainers of science.
I tried hard, I really did. After the last, surprisingly successful installment of this series, I knew summer was coming soon and a nice, summery WDW drink would be ashio-midori.com Monorail Yellow, a classic Disney variation on the Pina Colada, seemed as good and summery a place to start.
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.