Provide one example of role conflict or role strain. List one or two gender differences in nonverbal communication. A fundamental feature of social life is social interactionor the ways in which people act with other people and react to how other people are acting. To recall our earlier paraphrase of John Donne, no one is an island.
Describe what is meant by dramaturgy and by impression management. Provide one example of role conflict or role strain. List one or two gender differences in nonverbal communication. A fundamental feature of social life is social interactionor the ways in which people act with other people and react to how other people are acting.
To recall our earlier paraphrase of John Donne, no one is an island. This means that all individuals, except those who choose to live truly alone, interact with other individuals virtually every day and often many times in any one day.
For social order, a prerequisite for any society, to be possible, effective social interaction must be possible. Partly for this reason, sociologists interested in microsociology have long tried to understand social life by analyzing how and why people interact they way they do.
This section draws on their work to examine various social influences on individual behavior. As you read this section, you will probably be reading many things relevant to your own social interaction.
Social interaction is a fundamental feature of social life. For social order to be possible, effective social interaction must also be possible. The reverse is also true: We have seen many examples of this process in earlier chapters.
Among other things, we learn from our socialization how far apart to stand when talking to someone else, we learn to enjoy kissing, we learn how to stand and behave in an elevator, and we learn how to behave when we are drunk.
The importance of roles for social interaction merits further discussion here.
Roles and Social Interaction Our earlier discussion of roles defined them as the behaviors expected of people in a certain status.
Regardless of our individual differences, if we are in a certain status, we are all expected to behave in a way appropriate to that status.
Roles thus help make social interaction possible. As our example of shoppers and cashiers was meant to suggest, social interaction based on roles is usually very automatic, and we often perform our roles without thinking about them.
This, in fact, is why social interaction is indeed possible: Analogously, if actors in a play always had to read the script before performing their lines, as an understudy sometimes does, the play would be slow and stilted. It is when people violate their roles that the importance of roles is thrown into sharp relief.
Suppose you were shopping in a department store, and while you were in the checkout line the cashier asked you how your sex life has been! Now, you might expect such an intimate question from a very close friend, because discussions of intimate matters are part of the roles close friends play, but you would definitely not expect it from a cashier you do not know.
As this example suggests, effective social interaction rests on shared background assumptionsor our understanding of the roles expected of people in a given encounter, that are easily violated if one has the nerve to do so.
If they are violated, social order might well break down, as you would quickly find if you dared to ask your cashier how her or his sex life has been, or if two students sitting in class violated their student role by kissing each other passionately.
Sociologist Harold Garfinkel argued that unexpected events like these underscore how fragile social order is and remind us that people are constantly constructing the social reality of the situations in which they find themselves. Not surprisingly, their parents quickly became flustered and wondered what college was doing to their daughters and sons!
These examples indicate that social reality is to a large extent socially constructed. It is what we make of it, and individuals who interact help construct the reality of the situation in which they interact. Although we usually come into a situation with shared understandings of what is about to happen, as the interaction proceeds the actors continue to define the situation and thus to construct its reality.
This view lies at the heart of the symbolic interactionist perspective and helps us understand how and why roles or to be more precise, our understanding of what behavior is expected of someone in a certain status make social interaction possible. Roles and Personalities Roles help us interact and help make social order possible, but they may even shape our personalities.
The idea here is that if we assume a new role, the expectations of that role can change how we interact with others and even the way we think about ourselves. In short, roles can change our personalities.
Roles can shape personalities. When individuals become police officers, the nature of their job can prompt them to act and think in a more authoritarian manner.
A telling example of this effect comes from the story of a criminal justice professor from Florida named George Kirkham. In his classes, Kirkham would be critical of the harshness with which police treated suspects and other citizens.
One day, some police officers in one of his classes said Kirkham could not begin to understand what it was like being a police officer, and they challenged him to become one. He took up the challenge by gaining admission to a police academy and going through the regular training program for all recruits.
Kirkham later recounted what happened on his first few days on the job.Jun 12, · Lack of social interactions also damages mental health. The emotional support provided by social connections helps to reduce the damaging effects of stress and can foster “a .
A social interaction is a social exchange between two or more individuals. These interactions form the basis for social structure and therefore are a key object of basic social inquiry and analysis. Social interaction can be studied between groups of two (dyads), three (triads) or larger social groups.
Social Interactions It's easy to get nervous in certain social situations, but wikiHow's Social Interactions category is here to help. Whether you need help talking to strangers or just want to become a more social person, our articles can help you increase your social awareness.
Social Interaction: A social exchange between two or more individuals. social group: A collection of humans or animals that share certain characteristics, interact with one another, accept expectations and obligations as members of the group, and share a common identity.
My social interactions and relations have been shaped by space and time in many ways. Events and standard time are a major factor in structuring my time. Interactions with groups and people help shape my sense of space and are connected to different dominant institutions.4/4(1).
In that case social interaction has a devastating outcome on mental and physical health and it is necessary to help the person to break up this kind of relation and find positive social support or either professional help.