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Indeed, technology is changing the world at warp speed and nowhere is this more evident than in healthcare settings. This article identifies seven emerging technologies that will change the practice of nursing ; three skill sets nurses will need to develop to acquire, use, and integrate these emerging technologies; and four challenges nurse leaders will face in integrating this new technology.
While myriad forces are changing the face of contemporary healthcare, one could argue that nothing will change the way nursing is practiced more than current advances in technology.
Technology is changing the world at warp speed and nowhere is this more evident than in healthcare settings. This article identifies seven emerging technologies that will change the practice of nursing; three skill sets nurses will need to develop to acquire, use, and integrate these emerging technologies; and four challenges nurse leaders will face in integrating this new technology.
Emerging Technologies That Will Change the Practice of Nursing There are many emerging technologies that will change the practice of nursing in the coming decade. Many nurses currently in practice know little about genetics and genomics and lack the competence needed to effectively counsel and teach patients in this regard.
Less Invasive and More Accurate Tools for Diagnostics and Treatment Non-invasive and minimally invasive tools for diagnostics and treatment generally result in lower patient risk and cost.
The rate at which noninvasive and minimally invasive tools are being introduced makes ongoing competency regarding their use a challenge for nurses. Healthcare is just beginning to explore the limits of this technology. There are limits to the materials which can be used for printing and materials science is a laggard in 3D printing Nusca, Robotics Robotics can provide improved diagnostic abilities; a less invasive and more comfortable experience for the patient; and the ability to do smaller and more precise interventions Newell, n.
In addition, robots can be used as adjunct care providers for some physical and mental health care provision. More research is needed on comparative effectiveness of robotics and human care providers.
Many healthcare providers have expressed concern about the lack of emotion in robots, suggesting that this is the element that will never replace human caregivers. Biometrics Biometrics increase the security of confidential healthcare information and eliminate the costs of managing lost passwords.
The measurement of biometric markers may occur in less than ideal situations in healthcare settings and in a rapidly changing workforce, cost may become an issue. Electronic Healthcare Records EHR Healthcare providers have access to critical patient information from multiple providers, literally 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, allowing for better coordinated care.
The introduction of CPOE and clinical decision support requires providers to alter their practice. Resistance is common due to the time spent on order entry. Implementation and training costs are often significant. Genetics and Genomics The American Cancer Society suggests that genetic testing is already being used for many reasons.
Some of these reasons include: Future applications of genetics and genomics will transform the health care system even further. Health care professionals already encounter patients who arrive for diagnosis or treatment with their genotyping or genetic sequencing in hand.
Clearly, having genetic data can ultimately lead to better care and patient empowerment. But of concern are the ethical dilemmas associated with safeguarding such personal information and potential emotional consequences of uncovering unknown medical data without the guaranteed support of a primary care provider.
Dilemmas such as these, and others we may not yet imagine, will pose significant challenges for all healthcare professionals, including nurses. Despite these concerns, there is no doubt that genotyping and genetic sequencing will continue to significantly improve diagnostic and interventional medicine.
Researchers are already beginning to grow individual tissues, tendons, and cartilages from stem cells and several years ago, a kidney-like organ was grown from scratch in the lab and used successfully in animals Coghlan, In JanuaryJapanese researchers announced that they had succeeded in growing human kidney tissue from stem cells for the first time; a potential breakthrough for millions with damaged organs who depend on dialysis Japanese Researchers Grow, Leading scientists suggest that there may be no limit to the kinds of organs and body parts that can be grown from stem cells Complex Body Parts, This ability to grow major organs and body parts will eliminate the need for external donors, and since organs are genetically matched to the patient, the chance of rejection should become minimal or non-existent.
Stem cells and new biologic treatments will also impact the future of joint repair.
Rath suggests that stem cells will be used to generate replacement cartilage tissue to repair damaged joints, especially for osteoarthritis patients. ACI will help people aged 15 to 50 with single cartilage defects no larger than 10 centimeters.
Similarly autologous cartilage tissue implants, which use a combination of cell therapy and tissue engineering techniques, will be the next logical step in tissue regeneration.
Such experimental implants are already in clinical trials Rath, The ability to clone teeth is also expected in the near future. Clinical trials are already underway in Europe, where a fully functional and living tooth can be re-grown in around two months.
In addition, Onion notes that scientists hope that by locating the right biological triggers people may one day be able to grow several sets of teeth instead of just two — much like the way sharks, rodents or stingrays grow several generations of teeth to replace teeth that are worn out or damaged.
Less Invasive and More Accurate Tools for Diagnosis and Treatment Less invasive and more accurate tools for diagnostics and treatment will also change nursing practice in the future. Less invasive and more accurate tools for diagnostics and treatment will also change nursing practice in the future.
For example, heart disease is likely to be diagnosed by a new blood test that eliminates the need for risky diagnostic angiograms.
A new gene blood test checks for certain blood proteins linked to heart disease Howard, Edumine provides online courses, short courses and live webcasts in support of professional development and training for the mining industry. Envirofit was founded on the idea that enterprise principles can transform the development of household and commercial energy technologies for people living in extreme energy poverty.
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