Return to Top of Page Although I know that many teachers designate one student in each group to be the timekeeper and one to be the materials manager, I've found that these roles are so easily accomplished that once students perform their limited duties, they tend to disconnect themselves from group work. Don't get me wrong here. I have nothing against appointing timekeepers or materials managers. If you have found a way to successfully work these roles into your classroom group work, by all means, don't let me dissuade you from doing so in the future.
Strategy Example Emphasize the practical importance of strong teamwork skills. Explain the value of teamwork skills in and outside the workplace by offering real-world examples of how teams function and illustrating what can go wrong when teamwork skills are weak. One instructor asks students to generate a list of skills they believe employers look for.
Often students answer this question with a set of domain-specific skills, such as drafting or computer programming.
This activity serves to reinforce the process goals for group work assignments. Address negative or inaccurate preconceptions about group work. Consider asking them to list positive and negative aspects of groups based on their previous experiences and then to brainstorm strategies for preventing or mitigating potentially negative aspects of group work.
Also explain how you have structured your assignment to minimize problems such as the free-rider phenomenon they may have encountered in the past. Provide structure and guidance to help students plan.
Model the process of planning for a complex task by explaining how you would approach a similar task. Build time into the project schedule that is specifically devoted to planning. Break the project down into steps or stages and set deadlines for interim deliverables, e.
In addition to setting interim deadlines, give students a rough sense of how long various steps of the project are likely to take and warn them about matters they will need to attend to earlier than they might expect. Create ground rules for group behavior or ask students to do so themselves.
Group ground rules can include things such as: Find sample team contracts here… Teach and reinforce conflict-resolution skills.
Disagreements within groups can provide valuable opportunities for students to develop both better teamwork skills and better end products Thompson, But conflict can also erode motivation.
To help students handle disagreements and tensions productively, provide language they can use to voice objections and preferences constructively and reinforce listening skills.
Structured role-playing can also be helpful: Role-playing conflict-resolution in advance can help students recognize similar issues when they arise and respond to them creatively and appropriately. Alert students to common pitfalls. Common pitfalls may include underestimating the amount of time required to schedule meetings, coordinating access to labs, computer clusters, or studio space, getting research materials from Interlibrary Loan, obtaining IRB permission for research interviews, mailing reports to external clients, preparing presentations, revising reports, etc.
Encourage students to assess their own strengths and weaknesses e. One instructor gives students a self-assessment survey and lets group members compare their answers. Find sample self-assessments here What mechanisms could your group put in place to capitalize on these strengths and compensate for these weaknesses?
Answers generated include setting hard deadlines if a number of group members are procrastinatorsdeveloping a system of turn-taking to make sure that everyone has the chance to speak if there are shy group membersusing flow charts to represent the task for group members with a visual orientation or weak language skillsetc.
Then give groups a chance to generate strategies for improving their group processes. Build in individual accountability It is possible for a student to work hard in a group and yet fail to understand crucial aspects of the project.Create a Microsoft Project file for the project that includes the following: Create a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) that includes all project tasks (hierarchically grouped) and durations.
Establish task precedence relationships. Individual: Project Task-List You have been tasked with the project of organizing a company offsite 2-day training session in which people are brought in from different parts of the country.
This entails everything from preparation, accommodations, and facilities. Home» CMGT Week 2 Individual Assignment Project Task List CMGT Week 2 Individual Assignment Project Task List This Tutorial was purchased 3 times & rated A by students like you.
Once individual tasks have been determined, I give each group a set of the tent cards that you will see here in this section. One side of each tent card displays the student's job title and the other side lists the responsibilities for that job.
A task list (also to-do list or things-to-do) is a list of tasks to be completed, such as chores or steps toward completing a project. It is an inventory tool which .
Project management – The act of managing all aspects of a project, from team to tasks to tools. Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) – Overseen by the Project Management Institute, this book collects a set of standard terminology and guidelines for project management.