What is the importance of studying sociology? Of the various social sciences, sociology seems to be the youngest. It is gradually developing. Still it has remarkable progress.
Views of social problems Problems of studying sociology Social stability is necessary for a strong society, and adequate socialization and social integration are necessary for social stability. Slow social change is desirable, but rapid social change threatens social order.
Solutions to social problems should take the form of gradual social reform rather than sudden and far-reaching change. Despite their negative effects, social problems often also serve important functions for society.
Conflict theory Society is characterized by pervasive inequality based on social class, race, gender, and other factors. Far-reaching social change is needed to reduce or eliminate social inequality and to create an egalitarian society.
Social problems arise from fundamental faults in the structure of a society and both reflect and reinforce inequalities based on social class, race, gender, and other dimensions. Successful solutions to social problems must involve far-reaching change in the structure of society.
Symbolic interactionism People construct their roles as they interact; they do not merely learn the roles that society has set out for them. As this interaction occurs, individuals negotiate their definitions of the situations in which they find themselves and socially construct the reality of these situations.
In so doing, they rely heavily on symbols such as words and gestures to reach a shared understanding of their interaction. Social problems arise from the interaction of individuals. People who engage in socially problematic behaviors often learn these behaviors from other people.
Individuals also learn their perceptions of social problems from other people. Functionalism Functionalismalso known as the functionalist theory or perspective, arose out of two great revolutions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
The first was the French Revolution ofwhose intense violence and bloody terror shook Europe to its core. The aristocracy throughout Europe feared that revolution would spread to their own lands, and intellectuals feared that social order was crumbling.
The Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century reinforced these concerns. Starting first in Europe and then in the United States, the Industrial Revolution led to many changes, including the rise and growth of cities as people left their farms to live near factories.
As the cities grew, people lived in increasingly poor, crowded, and decrepit conditions, and crime was rampant. Here was additional evidence, if European intellectuals needed it, of the breakdown of social order.
|Problems of Studying Sociology | Essay Example||Sociology and Common Sense:|
|Problems of Studying Sociology | Essay Example||Prior to the emergence of sociology the study of society was carried on in an unscientific manner and society had never been the central concern of any science.|
|Expert Answers||Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Problems of Studying Sociology Essay Sample Sociology is the science that studies human society, social behaviour and social life.|
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In response, the intellectuals began to write that a strong society, as exemplified by strong social bonds and rules and effective socialization, was needed to prevent social order from disintegrating. Without a strong society and effective socialization, they warned, social order breaks down, and violence and other signs of social disorder result.
It does so, he wrote, through two related social mechanisms: It uses the human body as a model for understanding society.
In the human body, our various organs and other body parts serve important functions for the ongoing health and stability of our body. Our eyes help us see, our ears help us hear, our heart circulates our blood, and so forth.
Just as we can understand the body by describing and understanding the functions that its parts serve for its health and stability, so can we understand society by describing and understanding the functions that its parts—or, more accurately, its social institutions—serve for the ongoing health and stability of society.
Thus functionalism emphasizes the importance of social institutions such as the family, religion, and education for producing a stable society. Similar to the view of the conservative intellectuals from which it grew, functionalism is skeptical of rapid social change and other major social upheaval.
The analogy to the human body helps us understand this skepticism. In our bodies, any sudden, rapid change is a sign of danger to our health. If we break a bone in one of our legs, we have trouble walking; if we lose sight in both our eyes, we can no longer see.
Slow changes, such as the growth of our hair and our nails, are fine and even normal, but sudden changes like those just described are obviously troublesome. By analogy, sudden and rapid changes in society and its social institutions are troublesome according to the functionalist perspective.Sociology is of great importance in the solution of social problems The present world is suffering from many problems that can be solved through scientific study of the society.
1 Sociology and the Study of Social Problems 1 I f I asked everyone in your class what they believe is the most important social problem facing the United States, there would be many different answers. Sociology is important because it helps in solving social and international problems, gives better perspective into crime, helps in the study of institutional roles and in the understanding and planning of society.
Sociology is basically defined as a study of individuals in relation to their society. claim that social problems arise from the shortcomings of particular individuals or the bad choices people make about how to live.
**sees the family and religion as . The research methods and theories of sociology yield powerful insights into the social processes shaping human lives and social problems and prospects in the contemporary world. By better understanding those social processes, we also come to understand more clearly the forces shaping the personal experiences and outcomes of our own lives.
Sociology: Uses, Careers and Importance of Studying Sociology! Sociology seeks to deepen our understanding of human relationships by unravelling new truths about them.
It helps in removing ignorance about human relationships.
It is relevant wherever human relations are at .