Discuss in relation to at least two texts you have studied in your comparative studies course. In each text I have studied the time and setting of the texts, the class structures and economic statutes of the characters, the customs, traditions, power and especially the values of the societies all profoundly determine the faith of the characters of the texts and the events that determine their faith. Economic factors and social status ultimately controls the lives of the characters. Time and setting determines most of the factors of cultural context in a text.
As far as is known, monotheism was largely absent from Babylonian religion. There henotheism seems to have been very important, since a person could choose one god for particular worship as if he were the only god. After the fall of the 3rd dynasty of Urunder which Babylon had been a provincial centre, it became the nucleus of a small kingdom established in bce by the Amorite king Sumuabum, whose successors consolidated its status.
The sixth and best-known of the Amorite dynasts, Hammurabi —50 bceconquered the surrounding city-states and raised Babylon to the capital of a kingdom comprising all of southern Mesopotamia and part of Assyria northern Iraq.
Its political importance, together with its favourable location, made it henceforth the main commercial and administrative centre of Babylonia, while its wealth and prestige made it a target for foreign conquerors.
Stone carving showing Hammurabi, the king of Babylon, standing before a god. Later in this period, Babylon became a literary and religious centre, the prestige of which was reflected in the elevation of Mardukits chief god, to supremacy in Mesopotamia.
In Tukulti-Ninurta I of Assyria subjugated Babylon, though subsequently the Kassite dynasty reasserted itself untilwhen the city was sacked by the Elamites. Marduk, the chief god of Babylon, c. From this period to the fall of Assyria in the late 7th century bce, there was a continual struggle between Aramaean or associated Chaldean tribesmen and the Assyrians for political control of the city.
Its citizens claimed privileges, such as exemption from forced labourcertain taxes, and imprisonment, which the Assyrians, with a similar background, were usually readier to recognize than were immigrant tribesmen.
Furthermore, the citizens, grown wealthy through commerce, benefitted from an imperial power able to protect international trade but suffered economically at the hands of disruptive tribesmen. Such circumstances made Babylon usually prefer Assyrian to Aramaean or Chaldean rule.
From the 9th to the late 7th century Babylon was almost continuously under Assyrian suzerainty, usually wielded through native kings, though sometimes Assyrian kings ruled in person. Close Assyrian involvement in Babylon began with Tiglath-pileser III — bce as a result of Chaldean tribesmen pressing into city territories, several times usurping the kingship.
Disorders accompanying increasing tribal occupation finally persuaded the Assyrian monarch Sennacherib — bce that peaceful control of Babylon was impossible, and in he ordered destruction of the city.
His son Esarhaddon — bce rescinded that policy, and, after expelling the tribesmen and returning the property of the Babylonians to them, undertook the rebuilding of the city; but the image of Marduk, removed by Sennacherib, was retained in Assyria throughout his reign, probably to prevent any potential usurper from using it to claim the kingship.
In the mid-7th century, civil war broke out between the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal and his brother who ruled in Babylonia southern Mesopotamia as sub-king. Ashurbanipal laid siege to the city, which fell to him in after famine had driven the defenders to cannibalism. Nebuchadrezzar undertook a vast program of rebuilding and fortification in Babylon, labour gangs from many lands increasing the mixture of the population.
When the Persian Achaemenian dynasty under Cyrus II attacked in bce, the capital fell almost without resistance; a legend accepted by some as historical that Cyrus achieved entry by diverting the Euphrates is unconfirmed in contemporary sources.
Brilliantly coloured glazed brick decoration, facade of the throne room, palace of Nebuchadrezzar II, Babylon, c. A revolt against Xerxes I led to destruction of its fortifications and temples and to the melting down of the golden image of Marduk.
In Babylon surrendered to the Macedonian king Alexander the Greatwho confirmed its privileges and ordered the restoration of the temples. Alexander, recognizing the commercial importance of the city, allowed its satrap to coin money and began constructing a harbour to foster trade.
In Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadrezzar; he had planned to make Babylon his imperial capital. The ancient city Evidence of the topography of ancient Babylon is provided by excavations, cuneiform texts, and descriptions by Herodotus and other Classical authors.
The extensive rebuilding by Nebuchadrezzar has left relatively little archaeological data in the central area earlier than his time, while elsewhere the water table has limited excavation in early strata.
The reports of Herodotus largely relate to the Babylon built by Nebuchadrezzar. The Euphrates, which has since shifted its course, flowed through it, the older part of the city being on the east bank.
There the central feature was Esagilathe great temple of Marduk, with its associated ziggurat a tower built in several stages Etemenanki.
The latter, popularly known as the Tower of Babelhad a base feet 91 metres on a side, and its seven stages, the uppermost a temple in blue glaze, reached a total height equal to that of its base. Four other temples in the eastern half of the city are known from excavations and a larger number from texts.
The river was spanned by a bridge, on brick piles with stone capping, to the western half of the city. The streets were laid out on a grid, with the main axis parallel to the river. From Esagila northward passed the paved Processional Wayits walls decorated with enameled lions.Social Studies:The Ancient Greeks.
STUDY. PLAY. Greece is a what? land? a mountainous land. Mainland Greece is a what? a peninsula. Trade slowed and poverty took hold. How many miles did a runner run from Marathon to Athens?
25 miles. Poverty is not something that happens to “others”. Poverty is our odd people, our young people, our sick people, our disabled people, our mentally ill people, our homeless people.
The Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy’s Program on Poverty and Social Welfare Policy, jointly managed by the Schools of Social Work, Public Policy, and Law, promotes interdisciplinary applied research on poverty and social welfare policy and works to translate research findings to public policy decision-makers.
Comparative Study. – Chapter One - Cultural Context Casablanca - Sequence One Comparative study - An Introduction OL Cultural Context Poverty in Home Before Night, The Plough and the Stars and The Kings Speech Cultural Context - Essay on Gender Roles in Sive, Casablanca, How Many Miles to Babylon Cultural Context - Gender Roles in.
Texts studied: How Many Miles to Babylon, by Jennifer Johnston (HMMB) Sive, by John B Keane 32A, directed by Marian Quinn The texts I have studied as part of my comparative course are greatly determined by the cultural context of the text; we can see results of this on both characters and events of each text.
Open Document. Below is an essay on "Discuss How the Theme 'Abuse of Power' Is Explored in Johnstons Novel 'How Many Miles to Babylon'" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.